Everything You Need to Know about Bitcoin Cash’s (BCH) Hard Fork

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Everything You Need to Know about Bitcoin Cash’s (BCH) Hard Fork
The price of Bitcoin Cash (BCH) has soared considerably in the last one week. Currently, Bitcoin Cash is trading at $1,317 after it almost reached the $1,500 mark on April 23, 2018. 

Bitcoin ABC

This development comes as the cryptocurrency market has been experiencing something of a resurgence of late. However, the proximity of the Bitcoin Cash price climb to the upcoming network upgrade in May 2018 has caused some degree of speculation.
BCH Price Chart
(Source: Coingecko)
On May 15, 2018, the Bitcoin Cash blockchain will undergo a network upgrade that will implement some drastic changes to its underlying protocols. The update is being called the “Bitcoin Adjustable Blocksize Cap” (Bitcoin ABC 0.17.0), and it will address a few major issues plaguing the blockchain. 
For one, the network upgrade will increase the block size limit from 8 MB to 32 MB. 

It should also be noted that Bitcoin Cash emerged after a hard fork of the Bitcoin blockchain in August 2017. Disagreements stemming from the scalability debate caused the hard fork. Bitcoin Cash proponents have thus always favored increasing block size limits over reducing transaction size.
The increase in the block size limit is expected to improve transaction processing speeds. The Bitcoin ABC upgrade, in theory, will reduce block time from ten minutes to 2.5 minutes. 
The increased block size also has another advantage apart from faster transactions. The extra block space can be utilized for non-currency transfer operations. Thus, users will be able to carry out other types of blockchain transactions. These include archiving important assets like stocks, bonds, title deeds, and even CryptoKitties. These assets would be stored on the blockchain as “colored coins.”

Potential Benefits and Impacts

According to Mati Greenspan, an eToro financial analyst, Bitcoin Cash is gaining momentum in the market and investors are rushing in to make quick profits. Greenspan identified Japan and South Korea as being the leading markets where the trend is being felt the most. However, AntPool (operated by Bitmain) was recently criticized for burning fees in an attempt to inflate the price of Bitcoin Cash artificially.
The potential benefits of the upgrade could indeed create more use cases for increased blockchain adoption. By enabling more than just the transfer of value, Bitcoin Cash is hoping to step out from behind Bitcoin to compete with projects like Ethereum.

In the race for supremacy, the adoption of SegWit on the Bitcoin Blockchain has given it the upper hand over Bitcoin Cash. SegWit transactions have outstripped those of Bitcoin Cash. 
BCH Blocksize Debate
(Source: Reddit)
However, routinely increasing the block size does not seem to be a long term solution. With the proposed Lightning Network upgrade also in the works for bitcoin, Bitcoin Cash might just lose the “war.” 
Priyeshu Garg

Priyeshu is a software engineer who is passionate about machine learning and blockchain technology. He holds an engineering degree in Computer Science Engineering and is a passionate economist. He built his first digital marketing startup when he was a teenager, and worked with multiple Fortune 500 companies along with smaller firms. When he is not solving the transportation problems at his company, he can be found writing about the blockchain or hacking at a Hackathon.

Follow him on Twitter at : https://twitter.com/priyeshugarg